福建四大特色文化排名 妈祖文化为啥排在首位

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福建历史源远流长,科学文化曾盛极一时。5000年前,先民们就在此生息繁衍,创造了可与仰韶又化、河姆渡文化相媲美的昙石山文化。三国时因造船业和航海技术发达,福建成为孙吴的一个水军基地和对外通商口岸。南宋和元代,泉州成为世界上最大商港之一,与100多个国家和地区有通商关系,形成了着名的“海上丝绸之路”。明代郑和七下西洋多次在福建驻泊,招募水手,修造船舶,从福建扬帆出海。那么福建当地有什么特色文化呢?下面小编为你们带来了福建四大特色文化排名,其中妈祖文化影响最大排在首位,一起来了解一下福建的特色文化吧!

一、妈祖文化

  妈祖文化是劳动人民千百年来尊崇、信仰妈祖过程中遗留和传承下来的物质及精神财富的总称,是中华民族重要文化瑰宝之一。妈祖文化在福建四大特色文化中延续大半个中国封建社会时期,它是汉族海洋文化的一个表现,经过不断的发展演变,先如今福建的妈祖文化继承得很好。作为中国海洋文化的代表,妈祖文化近千年来一直与我国诸多和平外交活动、海上交通贸易,都有着密切关联。

二、闽南文化

  提到闽南文化相信大部分人第一时间想到的都会是福建,当然福建作为主要的发源和传承地之一,是中原文化和闽南土著文化完美交融的代表,整个闽南文化也涵盖了建筑、宗教、民俗、语言等方面。

三、船政文化

  船政文化在福建的历史虽然是有将近四十年左右,但是船政文化它很好的展现了近代我国科技、工业制造等方面的发展的丰硕成果,在福建当地是特定社会政治和经济环境的反应!

四、闽菜文化

  闽菜作为八大菜系在福建当地绝对算得上是比较有特色的文化,闽菜组大的口感是比较清淡的,包括很多的荤菜给人的感觉都是油而不腻,而且大部分都已是蜚声海内外,因为闽菜文化也成为了福建四大特色文化的重要组陈部分之一。


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